Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2003. Capt. Little Rock, Ark. "Saline County, First Arkansas Infantry Volunteers, C.S.A." Creating an account gives you access to all these features. War Dept. Designation lettering is 2" Capitol Romans with red shadow: 1st ARK. The 24th Arkansas Infantry (1861–1865) was a Confederate Army infantry regiment during the American Civil War. Currently in the collection of the Old State House Museum, Little Rock, Arkansas. The First Arkansas arrived on May 10 and, on that same evening, marched to Bayou Macon and drove the enemy away. Lindley Miller Music: "John Brown’s Body" Oh, we’re the bully soldiers of the "First of Arkansas," We are fighting for the Union, we are fighting for the The 1st Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Infantry (1863–1865) was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Due to the losses suffered by Govan's Brigade during the Atlanta Campaign, the 1st/15th, 5th/13th and 2nd/24th Arkansas Regiments were consolidated into one regiment, which was commanded by Colonel Peter Green of the 5th/13th (specifically of the 5th). Hargrove, Hondon B. Hood's disastrous Franklin-Nashville Campaign. These men were taken and imprisoned in Louisiana and Texas. The woods and brush between the two armies caught fire because of the gunfire and artillery. He then waved a white flag of truce yelling to the Union soldiers to "come and get your wounded, they are burning to death." Up until that point, Congress had decreed that only white male citizens should be enrolled. Tennessee Ernie Ford - Marching Song (of the First Arkansas Negro Regiment) Lyrics. First Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment (African Descent) (US), Civil War through Reconstruction (1861 - 1874). Objections to enlisting are made by negroes who but for this heavy fatigue duty would enlist and make good soldiers.…”. [6] The unit was composed of companies from the following Arkansas counties:[9], The regiment was sent to Lynchburg, Virginia, for training the same month it was accepted into the Confederate ranks. Colored Troops, organized by Brigadier General John P. Hawkins. Answer and say whether you will comply with this request, and, if so, when. Skip to main content Hello, Sign in … B. Johnson. Ronnie A. Nichols Rate and review titles you borrow and share your opinions on them. Part 3, Reports., Book, 1891; digital images, (. Lieutenant Colonel Donelson McGregor and fourteen others soldiers for the Battle of Murfreesboro[19] As of result of high casualties during the Chattanooga campaign, the 1st Arkansas was consolidated with the 15th Arkansas under the command of Lieutenant Colonel William H. Special thanks to the Department of Arkansas Heritage. They will be mustered into the service at Lynch- burg, but transportation and subsistence will be provided from the point of departure. [1] In Helena, the First Arkansas Volunteers of African Descent spent its formative days on “standing details” and “fatigue duty with many of the five hundred and fifty-men without shoes and deficient in comfortable clothing.” Colonel William Wood of the First Arkansas expressed his concerns on April 26, 1863, in a letter to Brigadier General Willis Gorman, commander of U.S. forces at Helena: “In consequence of the heavy details for fatigue duty we have lost during the last three days fifty men by desertion and many others are but waiting to run away. [15], In February 1862 they were transferred and attached to the Army of Mississippi under the command of General P.G.T. HENRY M. RECTOR, The third unit bearing the title "1st Arkansas" was the 1st Arkansas Volunteer Infantry, which served with the Union Army. [28][29] The Confederacy had only one award for valor, the Confederate Roll of Honor. Series 1, Volume 38, In Five Parts. In the Emancipation Proclamation, President Abraham Lincoln stated, “And I further declare and make known that such persons of suitable condition will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations and other places and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.” The Militia Act of 1862 provided that black soldiers would serve in the Federal service in non-combat support roles with significantly less pay than white soldiers. Company G suffered two officers and fifty-eight enlisted men taken. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Company E had two officers and seventy enlisted men taken prisoner; twelve men were missing. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1887; digital images, (, United States. The remnants of Govan's Brigade that survived the Tennessee Campaign remained with the Army of Tennessee through its final engagements in the 1865 Carolinas Campaign. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first. [25], The regiment and the rest of Govan's Brigade were released and exchanged just in time to participate in General John B. Prof. Frank Bronaugh, of the military department of St. John's College, Little Rock, was chosen adjutant. If you would like to make a donation by check, print this donation form, fill it out and mail it with your check to: Central Arkansas Library System Part 2, Correspondence, etc., Book, 1884; digital images, (. Black Union Soldiers in the Civil War. [3] The unit was composed mainly of militia units called to service by Colonel Solon F. Borland in response to an anticipated invasion of Northeast Arkansas in the fall of 1861. Spreading your gift out through monthly contributions is a great solution for your budget and ours. Staff officers are appointed by the President; the term of service not less than twelve months, unless sooner discharged. War Dept. Accessed 10 January 2010, Arkansas Military Department Records, List of Commissioned Officers in State Militia 1827–1862, Microfilm Roll 00000038-8, Page 72, Arkansas Military Department Records, Spanish American War, List of Commissioned Officers of the Militia 1827–1862, Arkansas History Commission, Microfilm Roll 38-8, page 371, Kie Oldham Papers, Arkansas History Commission, One Capitol Mall, Little Rock Arkansas, Box 2, Item 119, Arkansas Military Department Records, Spanish American War, List of Commissioned Officers of the Militia 1827–1862, Arkansas History Commission, Microfilm Roll 38-8, United States. The officers, except the staff officers, are to be appointed in the manner prescribed by the law of your State. Donelson McGregor, who was reared near the Hermitage, and was grand-nephew of the President Andrew Jackson. The central device is a white disc with black crossed cannons in the center (each 3 1/2" wool). Martin. Read our Privacy Policy. The First Arkansas would be one of four regiments of African Americans that was raised in Helena (Phillips County), a fortified city and naval port on the Mississippi River. The 1st Arkansas, was lumped together with the 2nd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 15th, 19th and 24th Arkansas Infantry Regiments and the 3rd Confederate Infantry Regiment as the 1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry on 9 April 1865. The 1st Arkansas Infantry (1861–1865) was a Confederate Army infantry regiment during the American Civil War.The regiment was raised in April 1861 by Colonel Thompson B. Flournoy. Further, Governor Rector agreed to arm and equip the regiment when it rendezvoused at Little Rock Arsenal. On 12 April, Confederate forces under General P. G. T. Beauregard bombarded Fort Sumter, forcing its capitulation. [17] After the battle of Perryville, the Army of Mississippi and the Army of Kentucky were reorganized and renamed as the Army of Tennessee and the 1st Arkansas was assigned to Brigadier General Lucius E. Polk's Brigade of Major General Patrick R. Cleburne's Division of Lieutenant General William Joseph Hardee's Corps with whom they would remain for the rest of the war. Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, First Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Accessed 10 January 2010. Honor or memorial gifts are an everlasting way to pay tribute to someone who has touched your life. It was then stationed at Evansport, where the men of the regiment, under Capt. Will H. Martin, made an unsuccessful attempt to capture the Federal gunboat Pocahontas, on the Potomac. Or, sign up for Kroger Rewards and a portion of your purchases at Kroger will be donated to the CALS Foundation. They will furnish their own uniform, but will receive its value in commutation. Flournoy accepted the outcome with good grace; he was afterward promoted to brigadier-general in the Confederate service. Ten such companies—raised in Union, Clark, Ouachita, Jefferson, Saline, Jackson, Arkansas, and Drew counties—were organized as the First Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment and were transferred to Lynchburg, Virginia. President Abraham Lincoln called upon the "militia of the several states" to provide 75,000 troops to put down the rebellion.Governor Henry Rector famously refused Lincoln's request for troops.U… For a short time the Union and Confederate soldiers helped remove the wounded and put out the fires. The other officers of the consolidated regiment were Major Alexander T. Meek, of the 2nd/24th Arkansas, Captain Mordecai P. Garrett and Sergeant Major Thomas Benton Moncrief of the 15th Arkansas. Many of these initial companies had originally been organized as volunteer companies under the Arkansas Militia law which authorized each county to form, in addition to the standard militia regiment, up to four volunteer companies, one each of Rifles, Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry. Lincoln announced in September 1862 that effective January 1, 1863, all slaves in Confederate territory would be free. [citation needed], The 1st Arkansas would go on to take part in the Battle of Murfreesboro,[18] the Battle of Chickamauga, the Battles for Chattanooga, and the Siege of Atlanta. [citation needed], Following that battle, they were reorganized[16] and received replacements, then were assigned to Army of Mississippi for the upcoming Kentucky Campaign, the 1st Arkansas was assigned to Colonel Samuel Powel's 3rd Brigade of Brigadier General James Patton Anderson's 2nd Division of Major General William Joseph Hardee's Corps. 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